the gpa is a plurilateral agreement within the framework of the wto, meaning that not all wto members are parties to the agreement. the fundamental aim of the gpa is to mutually open government procurement markets among its parties. as a result of several rounds of negotiations, the gpa parties have opened procurement activities estimated to be worth more than us$ 1.7 trillion annually to international competition (i.e. only those procurement activities that are carried out by covered entities purchasing listed goods, services or construction services of a value exceeding specified threshold values are covered by the agreement.
as a binding international treaty, the gpa is administered by the committee on government procurement which is composed of representatives of all its parties. the matter was then brought into the tokyo round of trade negotiations within gatt in 1976. as a result, the first agreement on government procurement (sometimes referred to as the tokyo round code on government procurement) was signed in 1979 and entered into force in 1981. it was amended in 1986 and the amendment entered into force in 1988. parties to the agreement then held negotiations to extend the scope and coverage of the agreement in parallel with the uruguay round. as a result of the negotiations, the gpa 1994 was signed in marrakesh on 15 april 1994 at the same time as the agreement establishing the wto and entered into force on 1 january 1996. not long after the implementation of the gpa 1994, the gpa parties initiated the renegotiation of the agreement according to article xxiv:9 of the 1994 agreement. in this spirit, the gpa parties have also agreed to undertake a number of work programmes which will influence the future evolution of the agreement.
of these members with observer status are in the process of acceding to the agreement. the table also shows the date of entry into force of the gpa 1994 and the gpa 2012 for each party. the process of becoming an observer is set out by a decision of the committee on government procurement gpa/1, annex 1. all wto members are eligible to accede to the gpa 2012. at present, wto members are in the process of acceding . the coverage negotiations determine the procuring entities and goods and services sectors of the acceding member’s public procurement market that the acceding member wishes to open to international competition.
the gpa 2012 also provides important flexibilities for developing country parties to manage their transition to a more internationally competitive government procurement regime. once the terms of accession have been agreed between the gpa parties and the acceding wto member, the committee adopts a decision inviting the member to accede to the agreement. accession to the gpa 2012 provides important benefits for the parties to the gpa, their entities and suppliers. these include: the gpa provides a useful tool for optimizing value for money, good governance and trade objectives in the government procurement sector.
the agreement on government procurement is a plurilateral agreement under the auspices of the world trade organization which regulates the procurement of goods and services by the public authorities of the parties to the agreement, based on the principles of openness, transparency and non-discrimination. the text of the agreement establishes rules requiring that open, fair and transparent conditions of competition be ensured in government procurement. however, the gpa provides a useful tool for optimizing value for money, good governance the wto agreement on government procurement (gpa) is a “plurilateral” agreement, which means that it applies to a number of wto members, but not all members, government procurement agreement pdf, government procurement agreement pdf, gpa agreement pdf, wto government procurement agreement, world trade organization government procurement agreement countries.
the agreement on government procurement (gpa) is a plurilateral agreement under the auspices of the world trade organization (wto) which regulates the 25.403 world trade organization government procurement agreement and free trade agreements. (a) eligible products from wto gpa and fta countries are entitled the agreement on government procurement of the world trade organization (wto), commonly known as the gpa, establishes a framework of rights and obligations, wto gpa text, what is government procurement, gpa countries list, wto gpa threshold, procurement agreement template, government procurement example, wto agreements, plurilateral agreement example, wto plurilateral agreements, wto gpa appendix 1 annex 1.
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